How to Vectorize Arts using Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator

Hey everyone, in this tutorial, I’m going to show you a step-by-step process to turn any photo into a vector graphic using Photoshop and Illustrator. Whether you’re a graphic designer, artist, or simply interested in exploring digital design, this guide will provide you with valuable insights and techniques. Let’s dive right in!

Understanding Vector Graphics

First, let’s talk about what a vector graphic is. Unlike a raster-based image, which is made up of pixels, a vector graphic is based on mathematical equations. This means that it can be scaled to any size without losing quality. It’s perfect for creating sharp and precise designs, especially for things like logo design.

Finding the Perfect Photo

To begin, you’ll need a photo to work with. You can use any photo you like, but for this demonstration, we’ll be using a pineapple image. Head over to a free stock photo website like and search for a pineapple photo. Once you find one you like, simply right-click on it and copy the image.

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Preparing the Photo in Photoshop

Open Photoshop and create a new document. For simplicity, let’s set the dimensions to 2048 by 2048 pixels and a resolution of 300 pixels per inch. Choose a white background for the document. Now, paste the pineapple image onto the canvas by pressing Command+V (or Ctrl+V on Windows).

Removing the Background

Next, we need to remove the background of the pineapple image. In the Properties panel, locate the Quick Actions section and select “Select Subject.” This will create a rough selection around the pineapple. Zoom in and use the Lasso tool to refine the selection if needed. Once you’re satisfied, add a layer mask to remove the background.

Adjusting the Image

Desaturate the image by selecting the thumbnail of the pineapple layer and pressing Shift+Command+U (or Shift+Ctrl+U on Windows). This will remove the color and give it a black and white appearance. If there are any rough edges or imperfections, use the Ellipse tool to round them out. You can also use the Brush tool with a black color to paint away any unwanted areas.

Applying Effects

To enhance the details of the pineapple, we’ll apply some effects. Convert the layer to a Smart Object by right-clicking on it and selecting “Convert to Smart Object.” Then, go to Filter > Filter Gallery and experiment with different effects to bring out the desired level of detail. Once you’re happy with the result, click OK.

Vectorizing the Image in Illustrator

Now, it’s time to switch to Illustrator. Create a new document with the same dimensions as your Photoshop document. Copy the pineapple from Photoshop by selecting all (Command+A) and copying merged (Shift+Command+C). Paste the pineapple into Illustrator using Shift+Command+V.

Image Trace and Refining

With the pineapple selected, click on the Image Trace button in the Control panel. Illustrator will trace over the image, converting it into vector paths. Adjust the settings in the Image Trace panel to fine-tune the tracing result. You can decrease noise, adjust paths and corners, and set the threshold. Once satisfied, click Expand to convert the tracing object into editable vector paths.

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Final Touches and Beyond

Congratulations! You now have a vectorized image. You can resize it to any size without losing quality. To take it further, you can add color, duplicate and merge elements, and explore various design possibilities. Illustrator offers endless creative opportunities for your vector graphics.


By following these steps, you can turn any photo into a vector graphic using Photoshop and Illustrator. The vector format allows for limitless scalability and precise designs. So whether you’re creating logos, illustrations, or any other graphic elements, mastering the art of vectorizing images will take your design skills to the next level.

Now, if you’re looking to save time and ensure professional results, you may consider utilizing the vector art conversion services offered by IDigitizing. Their expertise in transforming raster images into high-quality vectors can be a game-changer for your design projects. With their help, you can achieve crisp, clean lines and smooth curves that perfectly capture the essence of your original photo. Embracing their vectorization services can significantly streamline your workflow and enhance the overall quality of your designs. So, let’s proceed with the step-by-step process to transform your photos into stunning vector graphics.